Shoulder Injuries Specialist

Capital Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine, PC

Orthopaedic Surgeons & Sports Medicine Specialists located in West Des Moines, IA, Ankeny, IA, & Indianola, IA

Shoulder injuries can be both painful and disabling because your shoulders need to be functioning properly for you to use your hands and arms. If you’ve injured your shoulder, the highly experienced team at Capital Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine, PC, has the skills and facilities to restore free movement and eliminate the causes of pain. Call Capital Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine, PC’s branches in Clive, Ankeny, or Indianola, Iowa, to find out more or book an appointment online.

Shoulder Injuries Q & A

What causes shoulder injuries?

Shoulder injuries are most often due to accidents or some form of trauma, for example, sporting injuries, trips and falls, or car accidents.

Sometimes shoulder injuries occur because of a weakening in the joint or the surrounding connective tissues. For instance, if you have arthritis or chronic shoulder pain, you might not use your shoulder very much. That means the rotator cuff, which supports the joint and facilitates the full range of movement your shoulder is capable of, can get weak.

As a result, you could get a shoulder injury from a less traumatic incident, like a tug on the arm. As the shoulder is such a complex joint, you should always visit Capital Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine, PC, if you have any pain or loss of function in your shoulder.

What are the most common shoulder injuries?

Shoulder injuries are common because of the almost constant movement of your shoulders, coupled with the complexity of the joint.

Some of the more common shoulder injuries are:

Rotator cuff tear

The rotator cuff is a network of muscles and tendons that keeps your arm attached to your shoulder and enables you to lift your arms and rotate them. If the rotator cuff gets wrenched too violently, the tendons can tear away wholly or partially, causing pain and problems lifting your arm.


Tendinitis is the inflammation of tendons in your shoulder. It’s most often due to overuse or repetitive strain, where you repeat the same action regularly for long periods. Playing sports like tennis and golf can lead to tendinitis, causing pain when you attempt to raise your arm.


Bursae are fluid-filled sacs in the joints that cushion and protect the bones in your shoulder. Sometimes tendons nearby can start rubbing against the bursae, and this friction causes inflammation, swelling, and pain. Bursitis makes it painful to raise your hands above your head.


The top of your arm bone (humerus), which is ball-shaped, sits inside a socket called the glenoid in your shoulder blade. Dislocation is when the humerus comes away from or entirely out of the glenoid. This almost inevitably causes soft tissue damage as well, and dislocation is often a cause of a torn rotator cuff.

How are shoulder injuries treated?

Treatment for shoulder injuries depends on the cause. The team at Capital Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine, PC, has state-of-the-art diagnostic technology onsite, including X-ray and MRI machines to help pinpoint the cause of your shoulder injury and assess the extent of the damage.

Possible treatments for shoulder injuries include:

  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Pain relief medication
  • Massage therapy
  • Physical therapy
  • Stretching exercises
  • Activity modification

Most patients respond well to conservative measures like these. However, some shoulder injuries might require surgery, for example, to repair a torn rotator cuff. If your shoulder injury does require surgery, the Capital Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine, PC, team has specialist expertise in minimally invasive arthroscopic surgery for the shoulder.

If you’ve injured your shoulder, call Capital Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine, PC, today, or book an appointment online.